You can also write to this address if you want to propose negotiating new agreements with certain countries. In developing its negotiating plans, the SSA attaches considerable importance to the interests of workers and employers who will be affected by potential agreements. International social security agreements, often referred to as “totalization agreements,” have two main objectives. First, they remove the double taxation of social security, the situation that occurs when a worker from one country works in another country and is required to pay social security taxes to the two countries with the same incomes. Second, the agreements help fill gaps in benefit protection for workers who have shared their careers between the United States and another country. The agreements allow sSA to add U.S. and foreign coverage credits only if the worker has at least six-quarters of U.S. coverage. Similarly, a person may need a minimum amount of coverage under the foreign system to have U.S. coverage accounted for in order to meet the conditions for granting foreign benefits.
Totalization agreements protect the benefit rights of workers who divide their professional careers between the two countries by allowing each country to count, as needed, the social security rights acquired in the other country to constitute benefit rights. Coverage periods are cumulative only for individuals with a specified minimum amount of coverage, but who are not sufficient to meet the normal requirements of the entitlement to the benefit. In the United States, for example, workers, 5 When a person has earned at least 6 QCs but less than 40, the SSAs provide, in determining the entitlement to the benefit, that the SSAs would account for their hours of work in a country that is a partner in the overall agreement. In addition to improving the social security of working workers, international social security agreements help ensure continuity of benefit protection for people who have received social security credits under the U.S. system and another country. At present, the United States has totalisation agreements with the following countries: the Social Security Provisions of the European Community (EC) do not replace the various national social security systems with a single European system. This would not be possible because of the large differences in living standards and social security systems between Member States. However, the European Commission considers that they must have been in the United States for a period of five years, during which time he had his relationship with the worker during which he was in contact with the worker. For example, a non-resident alien who is entitled to a spousal allowance and has been absent from the United States for six consecutive months may be a citizen of a country that pays unlimited benefits to U.S. citizens outside that country`s borders. However, the spouse must also have been married to the worker for 5 years while residing in the United States to receive benefits abroad.9 After the United States. The Act (42 U.S.C No.
402 (t) (11) (E) ] may contain provisions to remove payment restrictions for all residents of countries with which the United States has an agreement, including third country nationals and non-residents.10 The following lists reflect existing totalization agreements for other nations.